Report: Social Security for All of Us - An independent Scotland as a modern welfare state

Punitive and inflexible ‘I, Daniel Blake’ type social security system can be avoided in an independent Scotland if it  entirely overhauls the UK approach

AN independent Scotland’s social security system can avoid the mistakes and inadequacies of the UK approach to welfare if a new approach is taken early on, a new report by Common Weal finds.

‘Social Security for All of Us: An independent Scotland as a modern welfare state’ can be read in full here.

The report is part of the White Paper Project which is developing a new case for an independent Scottish state, and is authored by Common Weal head of research Dr Craig Dalzell.

Dalzell argues that it would be a “missed opportunity” if in the creation of an independent Scottish social security the opportunity was not taken to address the incoherence and unfairness of the UK’s approa ch to welfare.

Over £10bn in social security benefits currently go unclaimed in the UK every year due to the confusion of the system, while a series of reports have found benefit sanctions as a key reason for rising food bank usage and homelessness.

The reality of the punitive and inflexible UK social security system was famously depicted in ‘I, Daniel Blake, the Palm D’or 2016 winner at the Cannes Film Festival.

The Common Weal report looks at the possibility of a Job Gaurantee Scheme and a Negative Income Tax, with the most prominent recommendation being a Universal Basic Income, which is currently being trialled in Finland and being considered in Fife and Glasgow council.

This would be transitioned into over a number of years and would act to ensure everyone has unconditional access to finance. This would simplify the system, reduce the bureaucratic burden and act as a major anti-poverty measure.

“To avoid an ‘I, Daniel Blake’ type system, an independent Scottish state must set out immediately to completely overhaul the infrastructure of social security from top to bottom.” Ben Wray

Ben Wray, Common Weal head of policy, said of the report: “This report offers options for making an independent Scotland’s approach to social security fair and dignified – no one could say that about the current UK system, a hodgepodge of incoherent and punitive policies over the past 30 years.

“To avoid an ‘I, Daniel Blake’ type system, an independent Scottish state must set out immediately to completely overhaul the infrastructure of social security from top to bottom.”

Dr Craig Dalzell, author of the report, stated: "One of the most profound opportunities awaiting Scotland upon independence is the chance to break from the UK's meagre and often punitive benefits system and to create a social security system worthy of that name.

“The highly reserved nature of the powers governing the current system means that even if Scotland seeks merely to replicate the current system, substantial effort will still be required to build the infrastructure to manage it so independence presents a natural and unique moment to reconsider our options.

“This paper presents several key principles and potential policies which could be explored by an independent Scotland, ultimately culminating in a fully costed proposal for a Citizens' or Universal Basic Income.

“Whatever Scotland chooses to do with its social security system it should be based on the principle of putting people first and ensuring the wellbeing of everyone regardless of circumstances."

“This paper presents several key principles and potential policies which could be explored by an independent Scotland, ultimately culminating in a fully costed proposal for a Citizens' or Universal Basic Income.” Dr Craig Dalzell

Robin McAlpine, Common Weal director, said of the report: “The UK welfare system has become a series of short-term fixes and a lot of sticking-plaster solutions passing itself off as a coherent system. It is inflexible and has been slow to change and adapt as the economy and the workplace has changed.

“If an independent Scotland sets up a new system of social security then in the comparatively near future it is likely to change substantially. We think that Scotland should explore a system of Basic Income as major reform of welfare. But whatever shape things take it is important that the system is designed to adapt. Replicating the UK bureaucracy is not the way to do that.”


Peter Dow's picture

Peter Dow

Wed, 08/16/2017 - 09:58

The UK Secretary of State for the Department of Work and Pensions has brazenly disrespected me and my need for social security benefits without which there is a substantial risk to my mental or physical health, to leave me since 24th January 2017, for more than 6 months now, without the income the law says I need to live on.

It is the mark of a dishonourable coward to respect the powerful while disrespecting the weak, the poor, the needy, the sick and the disabled. In my opinion, the UK is shamed by having such a dishonourable coward as its Secretary of State for Work and Pensions – shame on you both, Mr Damian Green (former) and Mr David Gauke (current)!


Thu, 08/17/2017 - 15:14

The author is predicting a massive increase in tax revenue as % of GDP, can't say how that would happen, but wants to say that it could be done without increasing tax rates.

How? The Nobel Prize awaits.

The jobs guarantee scheme has me equally mystified. The Scottish Government does not have some huge number of job opportunities that can be filled by just anyone regardless of their training. I know the author imagines that it would establish a new and higher floor for wages and conditions in the private sector. It isn't meant to be just a last resort: it is imagined that it would be a competitor in the job market, and that workers who are unhappy in the private sector would CHOOSE to quit their currency jobs and take a JGS spot instead, thus forcing the private sector employers to improve what they are offering.

I have decades of experience as a private sector employer. Is the JGS going to interview applicants and turn them away if they are unpleasant and ill-disciplined? No?? Well then, the JGS is bound to fail.

And, more importantly, what about people like baristas, hair-dressers and shelf-stackers? Does the author really imagine it will be a simple thing to retrain them for a new job building roads and hospitals?


Thu, 08/17/2017 - 11:32

Aye Maurice, ye'r a right ray o sunshine.


Thu, 09/28/2017 - 11:17

How to win lottery,Lottery spell that work fast,Spell for lottery,Spell for lottery numbers,Lottery lucky spell. Check on Dr Trust Websit now

Lottery is something majority of the people in the world want to win. I am a woman who believe that one day i will win the lottery. Finally my dreams came through when i email Dr Trust. and tell him i need the lottery numbers. i have come a long way spending money on ticket just to make sure i win. But i never know that winning was so easy until the day i meant the spell caster online which so many people has talked about that he is very great in casting lottery spell with winning numbers,that the winning numbers are 100% guarantee that you must win the lottery. So i contacted him also and told him I want to win a lottery,he cast a spell and gave me lucky winning number which I use and I played and won $758,700,000 (Seven Hundred Forty-Eight Million,Seven Hundred Thousand!!) This man is a very strong voodoo doc who gives out the numbers that can never fail. Your Lotto spell made wonders, I can't believe it. Thank you so much sir for dedicating your time to cast the Lotto spell for me.”I am eternally grateful for the lotto spell Dr. Trust did for me. Incase you also need him to help you win, you can contact him through his email:

His website for other reviews:

Email him: or

WhatApp or Call him: +2348156885231

CommonSpace journalism is completely free from the influence of advertisers and is only possible with your continued support. Please contribute a monthly amount towards our costs. Build the Scotland you want to live in - support our new media.